A module is a Python class that uses Synapse's module API to interact with the homeserver. It can register callbacks that Synapse will call on specific operations, as well as web resources to attach to Synapse's web server.
When instantiated, a module is given its parsed configuration as well as an instance of
synapse.module_api.ModuleApi class. The configuration is a dictionary, and is
either the output of the module's
parse_config static method (see below), or the
configuration associated with the module in Synapse's configuration file.
See the documentation for the
If Synapse is running with other modules configured, the order each module appears in
modules section of the Synapse configuration file might restrict what it can
or cannot register. See this section for more
On top of the rules listed in the link above, if a callback returns a value that should cause the current operation to fail (e.g. if a callback checking an event returns with a value that should cause the event to be denied), Synapse will fail the operation and ignore any subsequent callbacks that should have been run after this one.
The documentation for each callback mentions how Synapse behaves when multiple modules implement it.
A module can implement the following static method:
def parse_config(config: dict) -> dict
This method is given a dictionary resulting from parsing the YAML configuration for the
module. It may modify it (for example by parsing durations expressed as strings (e.g.
"5d") into milliseconds, etc.), and return the modified dictionary. It may also verify
that the configuration is correct, and raise an instance of
synapse.module_api.errors.ConfigError if not.
Modules can register web resources onto Synapse's web server using the following module API method:
def ModuleApi.register_web_resource(path: str, resource: IResource) -> None
The path is the full absolute path to register the resource at. For example, if you
register a resource for the path
will serve it at
that Synapse does not allow registering resources for several sub-paths in the
namespace (such as anything under
/_matrix/client for example). It is strongly
recommended that modules register their web resources under the
Only one resource can be registered for a given path. If several modules attempt to register a resource for the same path, the module that appears first in Synapse's configuration file takes priority.
Modules must register their web resources in their
Modules can use Synapse's module API to register callbacks. Callbacks are functions that Synapse will call when performing specific actions. Callbacks must be asynchronous, and are split in categories. A single module may implement callbacks from multiple categories, and is under no obligation to implement all callbacks from the categories it registers callbacks for.
Modules can register callbacks using one of the module API's
methods. The callback functions are passed to these methods as keyword arguments, with
the callback name as the argument name and the function as its value. This is demonstrated
in the example below. A
register_[...]_callbacks method exists for each category.
Callbacks for each category can be found on their respective page of the Synapse documentation website.