Spam checker callbacks

Spam checker callbacks allow module developers to implement spam mitigation actions for Synapse instances. Spam checker callbacks can be registered using the module API's register_spam_checker_callbacks method.


The available spam checker callbacks are:


async def check_event_for_spam(event: "") -> Union[bool, str]

Called when receiving an event from a client or via federation. The module can return either a bool to indicate whether the event must be rejected because of spam, or a str to indicate the event must be rejected because of spam and to give a rejection reason to forward to clients.


async def user_may_invite(inviter: str, invitee: str, room_id: str) -> bool

Called when processing an invitation. The module must return a bool indicating whether the inviter can invite the invitee to the given room. Both inviter and invitee are represented by their Matrix user ID (e.g.


async def user_may_create_room(user: str) -> bool

Called when processing a room creation request. The module must return a bool indicating whether the given user (represented by their Matrix user ID) is allowed to create a room.


async def user_may_create_room_with_invites(
    user: str,
    invites: List[str],
    threepid_invites: List[Dict[str, str]],
) -> bool

Called when processing a room creation request (right after user_may_create_room). The module is given the Matrix user ID of the user trying to create a room, as well as a list of Matrix users to invite and a list of third-party identifiers (3PID, e.g. email addresses) to invite.

An invited Matrix user to invite is represented by their Matrix user IDs, and an invited 3PIDs is represented by a dict that includes the 3PID medium (e.g. "email") through its medium key and its address (e.g. "") through its address key.

See the Matrix specification for more information regarding third-party identifiers.

If no invite and/or 3PID invite were specified in the room creation request, the corresponding list(s) will be empty.

Note: This callback is not called when a room is cloned (e.g. during a room upgrade) since no invites are sent when cloning a room. To cover this case, modules also need to implement user_may_create_room.


async def user_may_create_room_alias(user: str, room_alias: "synapse.types.RoomAlias") -> bool

Called when trying to associate an alias with an existing room. The module must return a bool indicating whether the given user (represented by their Matrix user ID) is allowed to set the given alias.


async def user_may_publish_room(user: str, room_id: str) -> bool

Called when trying to publish a room to the homeserver's public rooms directory. The module must return a bool indicating whether the given user (represented by their Matrix user ID) is allowed to publish the given room.


async def check_username_for_spam(user_profile: Dict[str, str]) -> bool

Called when computing search results in the user directory. The module must return a bool indicating whether the given user profile can appear in search results. The profile is represented as a dictionary with the following keys:

  • user_id: The Matrix ID for this user.
  • display_name: The user's display name.
  • avatar_url: The mxc:// URL to the user's avatar.

The module is given a copy of the original dictionary, so modifying it from within the module cannot modify a user's profile when included in user directory search results.


async def check_registration_for_spam(
    email_threepid: Optional[dict],
    username: Optional[str],
    request_info: Collection[Tuple[str, str]],
    auth_provider_id: Optional[str] = None,
) -> "synapse.spam_checker_api.RegistrationBehaviour"

Called when registering a new user. The module must return a RegistrationBehaviour indicating whether the registration can go through or must be denied, or whether the user may be allowed to register but will be shadow banned.

The arguments passed to this callback are:

  • email_threepid: The email address used for registering, if any.
  • username: The username the user would like to register. Can be None, meaning that Synapse will generate one later.
  • request_info: A collection of tuples, which first item is a user agent, and which second item is an IP address. These user agents and IP addresses are the ones that were used during the registration process.
  • auth_provider_id: The identifier of the SSO authentication provider, if any.


async def check_media_file_for_spam(
    file_wrapper: "",
    file_info: "",
) -> bool

Called when storing a local or remote file. The module must return a boolean indicating whether the given file can be stored in the homeserver's media store.


The example below is a module that implements the spam checker callback check_event_for_spam to deny any message sent by users whose Matrix user IDs are mentioned in a configured list, and registers a web resource to the path /_synapse/client/list_spam_checker/is_evil that returns a JSON object indicating whether the provided user appears in that list.

import json
from typing import Union

from twisted.web.resource import Resource
from twisted.web.server import Request

from synapse.module_api import ModuleApi

class IsUserEvilResource(Resource):
    def __init__(self, config):
        super(IsUserEvilResource, self).__init__()
        self.evil_users = config.get("evil_users") or []

    def render_GET(self, request: Request):
        user = request.args.get(b"user")[0].decode()
        request.setHeader(b"Content-Type", b"application/json")
        return json.dumps({"evil": user in self.evil_users}).encode()

class ListSpamChecker:
    def __init__(self, config: dict, api: ModuleApi):
        self.api = api
        self.evil_users = config.get("evil_users") or []



    async def check_event_for_spam(self, event: "") -> Union[bool, str]:
        return event.sender not in self.evil_users