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// Copyright 2021-2024 The Matrix.org Foundation C.I.C.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.

#![deny(clippy::future_not_send)]
#![allow(
    // Some axum handlers need that
    clippy::unused_async,
    // Because of how axum handlers work, we sometime have take many arguments
    clippy::too_many_arguments,
    // Code generated by tracing::instrument trigger this when returning an `impl Trait`
    // See https://github.com/tokio-rs/tracing/issues/2613
    clippy::let_with_type_underscore,
)]

use std::{convert::Infallible, time::Duration};

use axum::{
    body::{Bytes, HttpBody},
    extract::{FromRef, FromRequestParts, OriginalUri, RawQuery, State},
    http::Method,
    response::{Html, IntoResponse},
    routing::{get, on, post, MethodFilter},
    Router,
};
use headers::HeaderName;
use hyper::{
    header::{
        ACCEPT, ACCEPT_LANGUAGE, AUTHORIZATION, CONTENT_LANGUAGE, CONTENT_LENGTH, CONTENT_TYPE,
    },
    StatusCode, Version,
};
use mas_axum_utils::{cookies::CookieJar, FancyError};
use mas_data_model::SiteConfig;
use mas_http::CorsLayerExt;
use mas_keystore::{Encrypter, Keystore};
use mas_matrix::BoxHomeserverConnection;
use mas_policy::Policy;
use mas_router::{Route, UrlBuilder};
use mas_storage::{BoxClock, BoxRepository, BoxRng};
use mas_templates::{ErrorContext, NotFoundContext, TemplateContext, Templates};
use passwords::PasswordManager;
use sqlx::PgPool;
use tower::util::AndThenLayer;
use tower_http::cors::{Any, CorsLayer};

mod compat;
mod graphql;
mod health;
mod oauth2;
pub mod passwords;
pub mod upstream_oauth2;
mod views;

mod activity_tracker;
mod captcha;
mod preferred_language;
#[cfg(test)]
mod test_utils;

/// Implement `From<E>` for `RouteError`, for "internal server error" kind of
/// errors.
#[macro_export]
macro_rules! impl_from_error_for_route {
    ($route_error:ty : $error:ty) => {
        impl From<$error> for $route_error {
            fn from(e: $error) -> Self {
                Self::Internal(Box::new(e))
            }
        }
    };
    ($error:ty) => {
        impl_from_error_for_route!(self::RouteError: $error);
    };
}

pub use mas_axum_utils::{
    cookies::CookieManager, http_client_factory::HttpClientFactory, ErrorWrapper,
};

pub use self::{
    activity_tracker::{ActivityTracker, Bound as BoundActivityTracker},
    graphql::{
        schema as graphql_schema, schema_builder as graphql_schema_builder, Schema as GraphQLSchema,
    },
    preferred_language::PreferredLanguage,
    upstream_oauth2::cache::MetadataCache,
};

pub fn healthcheck_router<S, B>() -> Router<S, B>
where
    B: HttpBody + Send + 'static,
    S: Clone + Send + Sync + 'static,
    PgPool: FromRef<S>,
{
    Router::new().route(mas_router::Healthcheck::route(), get(self::health::get))
}

pub fn graphql_router<S, B>(playground: bool) -> Router<S, B>
where
    B: HttpBody + Send + 'static,
    <B as HttpBody>::Data: Into<Bytes>,
    <B as HttpBody>::Error: std::error::Error + Send + Sync,
    S: Clone + Send + Sync + 'static,
    graphql::Schema: FromRef<S>,
    BoundActivityTracker: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxRepository: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxClock: FromRequestParts<S>,
    Encrypter: FromRef<S>,
    CookieJar: FromRequestParts<S>,
{
    let mut router = Router::new()
        .route(
            mas_router::GraphQL::route(),
            get(self::graphql::get).post(self::graphql::post),
        )
        .layer(
            CorsLayer::new()
                .allow_origin(Any)
                .allow_methods(Any)
                .allow_otel_headers([
                    AUTHORIZATION,
                    ACCEPT,
                    ACCEPT_LANGUAGE,
                    CONTENT_LANGUAGE,
                    CONTENT_TYPE,
                ]),
        );

    if playground {
        router = router.route(
            mas_router::GraphQLPlayground::route(),
            get(self::graphql::playground),
        );
    }

    router
}

pub fn discovery_router<S, B>() -> Router<S, B>
where
    B: HttpBody + Send + 'static,
    S: Clone + Send + Sync + 'static,
    Keystore: FromRef<S>,
    SiteConfig: FromRef<S>,
    UrlBuilder: FromRef<S>,
    BoxClock: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxRng: FromRequestParts<S>,
{
    Router::new()
        .route(
            mas_router::OidcConfiguration::route(),
            get(self::oauth2::discovery::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::Webfinger::route(),
            get(self::oauth2::webfinger::get),
        )
        .layer(
            CorsLayer::new()
                .allow_origin(Any)
                .allow_methods(Any)
                .allow_otel_headers([
                    AUTHORIZATION,
                    ACCEPT,
                    ACCEPT_LANGUAGE,
                    CONTENT_LANGUAGE,
                    CONTENT_TYPE,
                ])
                .max_age(Duration::from_secs(60 * 60)),
        )
}

pub fn api_router<S, B>() -> Router<S, B>
where
    B: HttpBody + Send + 'static,
    <B as HttpBody>::Data: Send,
    <B as HttpBody>::Error: std::error::Error + Send + Sync,
    S: Clone + Send + Sync + 'static,
    Keystore: FromRef<S>,
    UrlBuilder: FromRef<S>,
    BoxRepository: FromRequestParts<S>,
    ActivityTracker: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoundActivityTracker: FromRequestParts<S>,
    Encrypter: FromRef<S>,
    HttpClientFactory: FromRef<S>,
    SiteConfig: FromRef<S>,
    BoxClock: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxRng: FromRequestParts<S>,
    Policy: FromRequestParts<S>,
{
    // All those routes are API-like, with a common CORS layer
    Router::new()
        .route(
            mas_router::OAuth2Keys::route(),
            get(self::oauth2::keys::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::OidcUserinfo::route(),
            on(
                MethodFilter::POST | MethodFilter::GET,
                self::oauth2::userinfo::get,
            ),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::OAuth2Introspection::route(),
            post(self::oauth2::introspection::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::OAuth2Revocation::route(),
            post(self::oauth2::revoke::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::OAuth2TokenEndpoint::route(),
            post(self::oauth2::token::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::OAuth2RegistrationEndpoint::route(),
            post(self::oauth2::registration::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::OAuth2DeviceAuthorizationEndpoint::route(),
            post(self::oauth2::device::authorize::post),
        )
        .layer(
            CorsLayer::new()
                .allow_origin(Any)
                .allow_methods(Any)
                .allow_otel_headers([
                    AUTHORIZATION,
                    ACCEPT,
                    ACCEPT_LANGUAGE,
                    CONTENT_LANGUAGE,
                    CONTENT_TYPE,
                ])
                .max_age(Duration::from_secs(60 * 60)),
        )
}

#[allow(clippy::trait_duplication_in_bounds)]
pub fn compat_router<S, B>() -> Router<S, B>
where
    B: HttpBody + Send + 'static,
    <B as HttpBody>::Data: Send,
    <B as HttpBody>::Error: std::error::Error + Send + Sync,
    S: Clone + Send + Sync + 'static,
    UrlBuilder: FromRef<S>,
    SiteConfig: FromRef<S>,
    BoxHomeserverConnection: FromRef<S>,
    PasswordManager: FromRef<S>,
    BoundActivityTracker: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxRepository: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxClock: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxRng: FromRequestParts<S>,
{
    Router::new()
        .route(
            mas_router::CompatLogin::route(),
            get(self::compat::login::get).post(self::compat::login::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::CompatLogout::route(),
            post(self::compat::logout::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::CompatRefresh::route(),
            post(self::compat::refresh::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::CompatLoginSsoRedirect::route(),
            get(self::compat::login_sso_redirect::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::CompatLoginSsoRedirectIdp::route(),
            get(self::compat::login_sso_redirect::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::CompatLoginSsoRedirectSlash::route(),
            get(self::compat::login_sso_redirect::get),
        )
        .layer(
            CorsLayer::new()
                .allow_origin(Any)
                .allow_methods(Any)
                .allow_otel_headers([
                    AUTHORIZATION,
                    ACCEPT,
                    ACCEPT_LANGUAGE,
                    CONTENT_LANGUAGE,
                    CONTENT_TYPE,
                    HeaderName::from_static("x-requested-with"),
                ])
                .max_age(Duration::from_secs(60 * 60)),
        )
}

#[allow(clippy::too_many_lines)]
pub fn human_router<S, B>(templates: Templates) -> Router<S, B>
where
    B: HttpBody + Send + 'static,
    <B as HttpBody>::Data: Send,
    <B as HttpBody>::Error: std::error::Error + Send + Sync,
    S: Clone + Send + Sync + 'static,
    UrlBuilder: FromRef<S>,
    PreferredLanguage: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxRepository: FromRequestParts<S>,
    CookieJar: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoundActivityTracker: FromRequestParts<S>,
    Encrypter: FromRef<S>,
    Templates: FromRef<S>,
    Keystore: FromRef<S>,
    HttpClientFactory: FromRef<S>,
    PasswordManager: FromRef<S>,
    MetadataCache: FromRef<S>,
    SiteConfig: FromRef<S>,
    BoxHomeserverConnection: FromRef<S>,
    BoxClock: FromRequestParts<S>,
    BoxRng: FromRequestParts<S>,
    Policy: FromRequestParts<S>,
{
    Router::new()
        // XXX: hard-coded redirect from /account to /account/
        .route(
            "/account",
            get(
                |State(url_builder): State<UrlBuilder>, RawQuery(query): RawQuery| async move {
                    let prefix = url_builder.prefix().unwrap_or_default();
                    let route = mas_router::Account::route();
                    let destination = if let Some(query) = query {
                        format!("{prefix}{route}?{query}")
                    } else {
                        format!("{prefix}{route}")
                    };

                    axum::response::Redirect::to(&destination)
                },
            ),
        )
        .route(mas_router::Account::route(), get(self::views::app::get))
        .route(
            mas_router::AccountWildcard::route(),
            get(self::views::app::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::ChangePasswordDiscovery::route(),
            get(|State(url_builder): State<UrlBuilder>| async move {
                url_builder.redirect(&mas_router::AccountPassword)
            }),
        )
        .route(mas_router::Index::route(), get(self::views::index::get))
        .route(
            mas_router::Login::route(),
            get(self::views::login::get).post(self::views::login::post),
        )
        .route(mas_router::Logout::route(), post(self::views::logout::post))
        .route(
            mas_router::Reauth::route(),
            get(self::views::reauth::get).post(self::views::reauth::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::Register::route(),
            get(self::views::register::get).post(self::views::register::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::AccountPassword::route(),
            get(self::views::account::password::get).post(self::views::account::password::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::AccountVerifyEmail::route(),
            get(self::views::account::emails::verify::get)
                .post(self::views::account::emails::verify::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::AccountAddEmail::route(),
            get(self::views::account::emails::add::get)
                .post(self::views::account::emails::add::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::OAuth2AuthorizationEndpoint::route(),
            get(self::oauth2::authorization::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::ContinueAuthorizationGrant::route(),
            get(self::oauth2::authorization::complete::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::Consent::route(),
            get(self::oauth2::consent::get).post(self::oauth2::consent::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::CompatLoginSsoComplete::route(),
            get(self::compat::login_sso_complete::get).post(self::compat::login_sso_complete::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::UpstreamOAuth2Authorize::route(),
            get(self::upstream_oauth2::authorize::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::UpstreamOAuth2Callback::route(),
            get(self::upstream_oauth2::callback::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::UpstreamOAuth2Link::route(),
            get(self::upstream_oauth2::link::get).post(self::upstream_oauth2::link::post),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::DeviceCodeLink::route(),
            get(self::oauth2::device::link::get),
        )
        .route(
            mas_router::DeviceCodeConsent::route(),
            get(self::oauth2::device::consent::get).post(self::oauth2::device::consent::post),
        )
        .layer(AndThenLayer::new(
            move |response: axum::response::Response| async move {
                if response.status().is_server_error() {
                    // Error responses should have an ErrorContext attached to them
                    let ext = response.extensions().get::<ErrorContext>();
                    if let Some(ctx) = ext {
                        if let Ok(res) = templates.render_error(ctx) {
                            let (mut parts, _original_body) = response.into_parts();
                            parts.headers.remove(CONTENT_TYPE);
                            parts.headers.remove(CONTENT_LENGTH);
                            return Ok((parts, Html(res)).into_response());
                        }
                    }
                }

                Ok::<_, Infallible>(response)
            },
        ))
}

/// The fallback handler for all routes that don't match anything else.
///
/// # Errors
///
/// Returns an error if the template rendering fails.
pub async fn fallback(
    State(templates): State<Templates>,
    OriginalUri(uri): OriginalUri,
    method: Method,
    version: Version,
    PreferredLanguage(locale): PreferredLanguage,
) -> Result<impl IntoResponse, FancyError> {
    let ctx = NotFoundContext::new(&method, version, &uri).with_language(locale);
    // XXX: this should look at the Accept header and return JSON if requested

    let res = templates.render_not_found(&ctx)?;

    Ok((StatusCode::NOT_FOUND, Html(res)))
}